Geography

College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Program Description

Geography students at Sacramento State explore Earth’s natural and cultural environments using methods from the natural sciences and the social sciences.  They study climate, weather, landforms, water resources, and plants and animals, as well as peoples, societies, economies, and cities.  These phenomena overlap in intricate ways, giving rise to distinctive places and regions.  Geography’s approach emphasizes Earth’s spatial relationships and patterns, and the processes that govern them, whether found in nature or in human behavior. 

Students work with quantitative and qualitative data from a variety of sources, including published censuses and maps, aerial imagery, field and lab work, surveys, and interviews.  They use a variety of tools, including Global Positioning Systems (GPS), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and other computer applications to collect, display, and analyze spatial data.  Geography students study and address complex issues, especially those with a human-environment interface, such as climate change, resource management, urban growth and design, globalization, immigration, ethnic identity, and territorial conflict.  Geographical understanding is applied at different scales, from the local to the global, and regional expertise is cultivated.

Lower division offerings in physical geography, cultural geography, and geographical techniques introduce students to the discipline. At the upper division level, students can choose among regional classes, topical classes on subjects from meteorology to transportation, and technique classes that include GIS, map making, quantitative methods, remote sensing, and field work. Majors select a concentration in a geographic subfield. Although not required, the department encourages students to take elective courses and/or pursue a minor complementary to their geographical interests. It also encourages and facilitates students going on Education Abroad.

Concentrations

  • BA: Geographic Information Systems and Analysis / Human Geography / Metropolitan Area Planning / Physical Geography
  • Certificates: Metropolitan Planning / Resource Planning

Special Features

  • Numerous internships and jobs in the Sacramento area, including many with state and local government
  • Many opportunities for field work in a variety of settings
  • A senior project class in which each student conducts his/her own research
  • A small major allowing for lots of interaction with faculty and fellow students, including attendance at state and regional professional meetings
  • Various pathways to complete the major, providing flexibility and the opportunity to make efficient progress toward graduation

Career Possibilities

Geographer · Cartographer · Climatologist · Resource Scientist · Meteorologist · Geospatial Intelligence Professional · Environmental Scientist · Geographic Information System Specialist · Geographic Consultant · Surveyor · Sustainability Coordinator · Water Resources Analyst · Redevelopment Specialist · Environmental Planner · Energy Analyst · Foreign Area Specialist · Land Economist · Recreation Planner · Locational Analyst · Environmental Education Specialist · Conservationist · Urban Planner · Transportation Planner · Aerial Photo Interpreter · Remote Sensing Specialist · Community Development Specialist · Land Use Planner · Demographer · Cultural Resources Manager · Air Resources Specialist · Real Estate Research Analyst · Pedestrian and Bicycle Advocate  · Teacher· Recycling Coordinator · Route Planner · Habitat Manager

Contact Information

Michael Schmandt, Department Chair
Lori Phillips, Administrative Support Coordinator
Amador Hall 550
(916) 278-6109
www.csus.edu/geog

Faculty

DATEL, ROBIN E.

DILLON, MARSHA J.

GERVAIS, BRUCE R.

KRABACHER, THOMAS S.

ROBERTS, MILES

SCHMANDT, MICHAEL J.

SCHMIDTLEIN, MATHEW C.

WANKET, JAMES A.

 

Undergraduate Programs

BA Degree in Geography

Units required for Major: 46
Minimum total units required for BA: 120

Note: Every candidate must complete all of the Geography Core and one Concentration.

Required Lower Division Core Courses (10 Units)
GEOG 1Physical Geography: The Distribution of Natural Phenomena3
GEOG 2Cultural Geography3
GEOG 3Introduction to Maps and Geographic Technologies3
GEOG 11Laboratory in Physical Geography1
Required Upper Division Core Courses (9 Units)
GEOG 102Ideas and Skills in Geography3
GEOG 118Earth Transformed3
GEOG 190Senior Research Seminar in Geography 3
Geography Core (12 Units)
Select one course from each of the following four areas:12
Geographic Techniques
Computer Cartography
Remote Sensing
Geographic Information Systems
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Applied GIS
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Field Geography: Urban-Metropolitan
Field Geography: Suburban-Rural
Field Geography: Physical
Human Geography
Geography of Economic Activity
Population Geography
Urban Geography
Urban and Regional Planning
Transportation Geography
Applied GIS
Physical Geography
Elements Of Meteorology
Climate
Biogeography
Global Climate Change
Landforms
California's Water Resources
Regional Geography
United States and Canada
Geography Of East Asia
Geography Of Europe
California
Concentrations (15 Units)
Select a concentration from the following:15
Geographic Information Systems and Analysis Concentration
Human Geography Concentration
Metropolitan Area Planning Concentration
Physical Geography Concentration
Total Units46

Additional Requirements for Concentrations

Note: Courses cannot double count for the core and the concentration.

Concentration - Geographic Information Systems and Analysis

Emphasizes student development of geospatial skills. Geographic Information Science, cartography, remote sensing, and quantitative methods prepare students to tackle any problem with a spatial dimension—from advising an individual firm on good locations for a new branch or supplier to modeling the spread of wildfires across a region to analyzing the global spread of diseases or new technologies. Students must take GEOG 109 Graphic Information Systems for the concentration.

In addition, students must take at least FOUR courses, with at least one each from Data Analysis and Data Output categories.

GEOG 109Geographic Information Systems3
Select four of the following, with at least one each from both groups:12
Group 1: Data Analysis
Remote Sensing
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Group 2: Data Output
Computer Cartography
Applied GIS
Special Problems
Total Units15

It is recommended that students take the following to satisfy their Geographic Techniques core area requirement:

GEOG 193AField Geography: Urban-Metropolitan3
GEOG 193BField Geography: Suburban-Rural3
GEOG 193CField Geography: Physical3

Concentration - Human Geography

Examines how diverse human cultures and economies interact with natural environments to create distinctive places with unique achievements, challenges, and conflicts. Students acquire cross-cultural perspectives and knowledge relevant to globalization, international development, energy and other natural resource issues, hazards and disasters, migration and demography, and geopolitical situations.

Select two additional human geography courses from the following:6
Geography of Economic Activity
Population Geography
Urban Geography
Urban and Regional Planning
Transportation Geography
California's Water Resources
Applied GIS
Select two additional regional geography courses from the following:6
United States and Canada
Geography Of East Asia
Geography Of Africa
Geography Of Europe
California
Select one additional technique course from the following:3
Computer Cartography
Remote Sensing
Geographic Information Systems
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Applied GIS
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Field Geography: Urban-Metropolitan 1
Field Geography: Suburban-Rural 1
Total Units15
1

The technique cannot be a field course if a field course was taken for the core.

Concentration - Metropolitan Area Planning

Helps students understand how cities have evolved, with an emphasis on spatial patterns and the role of transportation in structuring settlements. The concentration provides students with skills for designing cities that address important issues such as sustainability, affordable housing and transportation, a strong civic life, and public health and safety.

GEOG 109Geographic Information Systems3
GEOG 148Urban and Regional Planning3
GEOG 141Geography of Economic Activity3
or GEOG 145 Population Geography
GEOG 147Urban Geography3
or GEOG 149 Transportation Geography
Select one of the following technique elective courses:3
Computer Cartography
Remote Sensing
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Applied GIS
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Field Geography: Urban-Metropolitan 1
Field Geography: Suburban-Rural 1
Total Units15
1

The technique cannot be a field course if a field course was taken for the core.

Additional Recommended Courses

The courses below provide valuable additional knowledge and perspectives for students choosing the MAP concentration:

ECON 132State and Local Government Finance3
ECON 180Urban Economics3
ENVS 122Environmental Impact Analysis: CEQA and NEPA3
GEOG 131California3
GEOG 161California's Water Resources3
HIST 163The City in US History3
HIST 184/ART 118BCalifornia Architecture and Urban History3
RPTA 154Management of Recreation Facilities3

Concentration - Physical Geography

Focuses on earth systems and human impacts on them, including global climate change. Students interested in natural science and environmental management study weather and climate, plant and animal communities, landforms, and water resources, emphasizing the growing human role in influencing and managing these complex interrelated systems.

Select four additional physical geography courses from the following:12
Elements Of Meteorology
Biogeography
Global Climate Change
Landforms
California's Water Resources
Field Geography: Physical 1
Select one additional technique course from the following:3
Computer Cartography
Remote Sensing
Geographic Information Systems
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Applied GIS
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Total Units15
1

The technique cannot be a field course if a field course was taken for the core.

GEOG 113 can be used to meet the physical geography breadth requirement in the core, but cannot be used in the concentration.

Minor - Geography

Total units required for Minor: 18

Select two of the following lower division courses:6
Physical Geography: The Distribution of Natural Phenomena
Cultural Geography
Introduction to Maps and Geographic Technologies
Select a minimum of 9 upper division Geography units, excluding the following:9
Field Geography: Physical
Geography - Related Work Experience
Co-Curricular Activities
Special Problems
Select three additional units in Geography, either lower division or upper division3
Total Units18

Courses must be selected in consultation with and approved by a faculty advisor in Geography. A minimum of 6 upper division units must be earned in residence.

Minor - Geographic Information Systems

Total units required for Minor: 18

Required Courses (18 Units)
GEOG 3Introduction to Maps and Geographic Technologies3
GEOG 109Geographic Information Systems3
GEOG 110Advanced Geographic Information Systems3
Select three of the following:9
Computer Cartography
Remote Sensing
Applied GIS
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Three units of upper division GIS coursework from another department with permission of the GIS Minor advisor.
Total Units18

Courses must be selected in consultation and approved by a faculty advisor in Geography. A minimum of 6 upper division units must be earned in residence.

Certificate - Pre-Planning

The Pre-Planning program consists of 15-16 units in addition to the major and culminates in a certificate. Select either the Metropolitan or Resource Planning Concentration below. No more than two courses may be taken in any one department.

Metropolitan Planning

Select five of the following:15
Introduction to the United States Economy
Economics and Environmental Degradation
Geographic Information Systems
Population Geography
Urban Geography
Urban and Regional Planning
Transportation Geography
California's Water Resources
Public Policy Development
California State and Local Government
The City in US History
Total Units15

Resource Planning

Select five of the following:15 - 16
Economics and Environmental Degradation
Geographic Information Systems
Landforms
California's Water Resources
Physical Geology
Public Policy Development
California State and Local Government
The Management of Contemporary Organizations
Total Units15-16

Students must have an advisor and will not be allowed to proceed in the program without an advisor's signature. In some cases courses may be accepted that have already been completed. There can be no double counting from among courses used in the major.

How to Read Course Descriptions

GEOG 1.     Physical Geography: The Distribution of Natural Phenomena. 3 Units

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Physical Science (B1)


Introductory study of the distribution over the face of the earth of selected aspects of climate, plant cover, soils, and landforms and of processes and conditions giving rise to these distributions. The use of maps as communicative devices in comparative analysis and study of distribution and processes.

GEOG 2.     Cultural Geography. 3 Units

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: GE AREA D


Consideration of the diversity of patterns of land use, settlement and movement established and evolved by humans as a result of the interaction of cultural and physical factors; emphasis on student use of maps and other tools of geographic presentation for analyzing the nature, variation and distribution of cultural features of the earth's surface.

GEOG 2H.     Cultural Geography - Honors. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Open to Honors students only.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: GE AREA D


Consideration of the diversity of patterns of land use, settlement and movement established and evolved by humans as a result of the interaction of cultural and physical factors; emphasis on student use of maps and other tools of geographic presentation for analyzing nature, variation and distribution of cultural features of the earth's surface.

Note: This is a special offering designed as part of the G.E. Honors program.

GEOG 3.     Introduction to Maps and Geographic Technologies. 3 Units


Introduction to maps, map concepts, and geographic technologies. Maps are the most effective way to communicate spatial data, and introduces students to the quickly changing world of maps (both hard-copy and digital) and geographic technologies including map and aerial photograph interpretation, spreadsheet operations, introductory statistics, global positioning systems (GPS), Internet mapping, satellite and aerial images, and geographic information systems (GIS) that aid in data collection, analysis, and presentation. Lecture two hours; laboratory two hours.

GEOG 5.     Violent Weather/Changing Atmosphere. 3 Units

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Physical Science (B1)


Introduction to meteorological and climatological principles and concepts. These principles will be used to examine severe atmospheric phenomena, including hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, destructive winds, severe storms, heat waves, droughts and floods, particularly in relation to human-caused climate change and the effects of these phenomena on humanity.

GEOG 11.     Laboratory in Physical Geography. 1 Unit

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1; may be taken concurrently.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Laboratory (B3), Physical Science (B1)


Makes the ideas and relationships of introductory physical geography more clear by observation and experiment. Use is made of maps, globes, models, meteorological instruments and records, satellite photos and observations of the local scene. Laboratory, three hours.

GEOG 100.     Themes In World Geography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Junior or Senior class standing or instructor permission.


Study of the content of geography with a consideration of basic concepts and methods. Emphasis is on patterns and relationships of the elements and manifestations of physical and cultural geography, including both topical and regional discussions.

GEOG 102.     Ideas and Skills in Geography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1 or GEOG 2 or GEOG 3 or GEOG 11.


Study and discussion of geographic ideas, including the history of the discipline. Introduction to library resources appropriate to geographic inquiry. Practice in geographic descriptive and analytical writing and research. Extensive use of maps. Required of Geography majors in the junior year. Lecture three hours.

GEOG 105.     Computer Cartography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 109 or instructor permission.


Preparation of maps and diagrams, emphasizing thematic map design using various mapping and design programs. Detailed study of important map projections. Passing score on ELM exam recommended. Lecture one hour, laboratory six hours.

GEOG 107.     Remote Sensing. 3 Units


Aerial photographs and scanned satellite images, emphasis on the former. Topics include the electromagnetic spectrum, cameras, films, image geometry as related to planimetric and topographic mapping, multispectral techniques, and interpretation of imagery, emphasizing land use and landforms. Lecture two hours; laboratory three hours.

GEOG 109.     Geographic Information Systems. 3 Units


Introduction to GIS, including history and overview of current applications; the nature of spatial data; geographic data structures, acquisition, analysis, and display of geographic data. Lab exercises use various computers and include both raster- and vector-based GIS systems. Lecture two hours; laboratory three hours.

GEOG 110.     Advanced Geographic Information Systems. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 109 or instructor permission.


Builds on the introduction to the hardware, software and operations of GIS offered with the previous courses, providing the essentials required by a beginning GIS analyst or applications support specialist. Emphasis will be placed on problem solving strategies in the context of GIS projects.

GEOG 111.     Elements Of Meteorology. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1 or instructor permission.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Further Studies in Area B (B5)


Basic concepts of weather and weather elements: structure and general circulation of the atmosphere, earth's heat and water balance, precipitation, air masses and fronts, air pollution meteorology. Some micrometeorological concepts with application to air pollution, agriculture, and similar problems.

GEOG 113.     Climate. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1, GEOG 5, GEOL 8, GEOL 10 or ENVS 10 or instructor permission.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Further Studies in Area B (B5)


Study of the distribution of heat and moisture over the earth's surface. Basic processes by which heat and moisture acquire unequal distributions in space and time. Classification of climate. Climatic change. Climate models.

GEOG 115.     Biogeography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1 or instructor permission

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Further Studies in Area B (B5)


Introduction to the geographic distribution of life. Communities and biomes, changing continents and climates, dispersal, colonization, extinction, life on islands, and past and present human impacts are examined.

Note: Field trip required.

Field trip(s) may be required.

GEOG 116.     Global Climate Change. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1 or instructor permission.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Further Studies in Area B (B5)


Study of past climate change and the techniques with which they are reconstructed. Focus on the various temporal scales at which climate change operates. Spatial variability of past, present and future climate changes. Anthropogenic climate change in the context of natural climate variability.

GEOG 117.     Landforms. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1 or instructior permission.


Study of the surface forms of the land with particular attention to their distribution and to the accompanying distribution of natural forces and processes which have brought the landforms into being. Study of landforms in the context of Quaternary environmental change. Identification and analysis of landforms using maps and other spatial data. Lecture three hours.

GEOG 118.     Earth Transformed. 3 Units


Explores the evolving human role in transforming Earth's physical environments. Topics range from prehistoric extinction's to modern environmental problems in select regions. Emphasis is placed on wide-ranging effects of resource use and disposal, with particular reference to atmosphere and biological problems and sustainable solutions.

GEOG 121.     United States and Canada. 3 Units


Present distribution and historical development of population, land use and industry in the U.S. and Canada in relation to regional variations in the physical environment and cultural heritage.

GEOG 125.     Geography Of East Asia. 3 Units


Geographic setting and nature of Far Eastern civilization; origins, development and present outlines of settlement; cultures, resource use, economic structures, population, levels of technological achievement, and land use in China, Japan and Korea.

GEOG 127.     Geography Of Africa. 3 Units


Emphasis is on sub-Saharan Africa with consideration given to selected topics such as population problems, industrialization, regional groupings, transportation, and internal and external relationships.

GEOG 128.     Geography Of Europe. 3 Units


Survey of Europe with emphasis on its physical environment, contemporary demographic, economic, and ethnic patterns, and the changing political landscape. Consideration will also be given to Europe's historic and present-day links with other world regions, and to the geographic basis for many of the social, political, economic, and environmental challenges facing contemporary Europe.

GEOG 129A.     Special Topics in Regional Geography A. 3 Units


Geographic survey of a selected region with emphasis on its physical environment and selected economic, demographic, political, and cultural patterns. Consideration may include its connection to other world regions and its role in current events. The specific region is identified by the Geography Department at scheduling. This course and GEOG 129B and GEOG 129C may be taken for up to 9 units.

GEOG 129B.     Special Topics in Regional Geography B. 3 Units


Geographic survey of a selected region with emphasis on its physical and human geography. Topics may include climate, landforms, vegetation, economics, demographics, culture, and the region's connection to other world regions and its role in current events. The specific region is identified by the Geography Department at scheduling. This course and GEOG 129A and GEOG 129C may be taken for up to 9 units.

GEOG 129C.     Special Topics in Regional Geography C. 3 Units


A selected world region is the focus of this course that geographically surveys the region's physical and human environment. Potential topics include climate, landforms, vegetation, economics, demographics, culture, and more. The specific region is identified by the Geography Department at scheduling. This course and GEOG 129A and GEOG 129B may be taken for up to 9 units.

GEOG 131.     California. 3 Units


Study of landforms, climate, vegetation, population distribution and change, industry, transportation, water, energy, and agriculture in California.

GEOG 141.     Geography of Economic Activity. 3 Units


Spatial organization of man's activities related to production, exchange and consumption. Attention is given to resource development and the areal variations of factors affecting it, to concepts of spatial interaction and to spatial aspects of agricultural, industrial and urban land use. An examination of problems related to regional economic development. Changing perceptions of spatial organization of economic activities is also considered. Emphasis is on both theoretical framework and case study applications.

GEOG 143.     Environmental Hazards and Society. 3 Units


Focuses on how a place's social systems and physical systems intersect to create hazards. Considers the development of various theoretical approaches to hazards; risk perception and societal responses to hazard events; the history of U.S. disaster response; and approaches to risk/vulnerability assessment.

GEOG 145.     Population Geography. 3 Units

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: GE AREA D


Spatial patterns of population numbers and characteristics; migration and spread of ideas; potential for economic and cultural developments.

GEOG 147.     Urban Geography. 3 Units


Consideration of cities as centers of human activity from the rise of urban life in the Old and New Worlds to the present day patterns of metropolis and megalopolis. The functions and interactions of cities in Earth's limited space and on Earth's limited resources are studied historically and crossculturally. Also examined are changing perceptions of the urban phenomenon and attempts to enhance the quality of urban life.

GEOG 148.     Urban and Regional Planning. 3 Units


Introduction to the theory and practice of urban and regional planning. Topics include the history of planning, the development of comprehensive and land use plans, growth management, and transportation and environmental planning. Includes guest speakers from the planning community as well as the opportunity to work on a project with a community organization or government agency to put into practice what is discussed in class.

GEOG 149.     Transportation Geography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 141, GEOG 147, or GEOG 148 or instructor permission.


Explores the geography of transportation using both theory and applications, quantitative and qualitative methods. Topics include the history and economic importance of transportation systems for all major modes; their political, social, and environmental aspects; and basic analytical methods, including accessibility dynamics, network analysis, and spatial interaction models. Focus will be on the U.S., with frequent reference to local issues, though material will be drawn on from around the world.

GEOG 161.     California's Water Resources. 3 Units


Study of the location and nature of the state's surface and underground water, including development by government agencies, water needs of cities, farms, recreation and wildlife, implications of water rights, water marketing and conservation, and management of floods, droughts and pollution.

GEOG 163.     Applied GIS. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 109.


Introduction to developing a GIS project, including planning, database research, proposal writing, analysis and evaluation. Lecture 2 hours; Laboratory 3 hours.

GEOG 181.     Quantitative Methods in Geography. 3 Units


Introduction to techniques useful in the analysis of spatial distributions and other geographic phenomena: basic aspatial descriptive and inferential techniques, correlation, regression, and spatial inferential techniques.

GEOG 190.     Senior Research Seminar in Geography. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1, GEOG 2, GEOG 3, GEOG 102; senior standing, and GWAR certification before Fall 09; or WPJ score of 80+; or 3-unit placement in ENGL 109M or ENGL 109W; or 4-unit placement in ENGL 109M or ENGL 109W and co-enrollment in ENGL 109X; or WPJ score 70 or 71 and co-enrollment in ENGL 109X; instructor permission.

General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: Writing Intensive Graduation Requirement (WI)


Writing-intensive capstone course requiring students to complete independent research projects displaying their mastery of geography's content and methods. Projects undertaken in a given semester share a common thematic and/or regional focus. Students use bibliographic, field, spatial analytic, graphic, and verbal skills. Context for projects is provided by a review of the recent history of the discipline. Lecture/discussion three hours.

GEOG 192A.     Geography Field Experience A. 1 - 2 Units

Prerequisite(s): one geography course or instructor permission.


A particular geographical area is explored and studied via beginning-level field observation. Emphasis may be placed on physical features, cultural features, or both.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 192B.     Geography Field Experience B. 1 - 2 Units

Prerequisite(s): one geography course or instructor permission.


A particular geographical area is explored and studied via intermediate-level field observation. Emphasis may be placed on physical features, cultural features, or both.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 192C.     Geography Field Experience C. 1 - 2 Units

Prerequisite(s): one geography course or instructor permission.


A particular geographical area is explored and studied via advanced-level field observation. Emphasis may be placed on physical features, cultural features, or both.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 193A.     Field Geography: Urban-Metropolitan. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission


Examines the internal structure and external relations of Sacramento as a metropolitan center and of nearby urban communities through field observation and exercises. Emphasis is placed on mapping and interviewing as ways of gaining useful information on urban patterns.

GEOG 193B.     Field Geography: Suburban-Rural. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.


Examines competition for land use in suburban Sacramento as urban sprawl overruns less intensive uses. Small towns in the lower Sacramento Valley also examined. Group field trips, interviews, field mapping and discussions.

Field trip(s) may be required.

GEOG 193C.     Field Geography: Physical. 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.


Survey of selected areas with systematic examination of elements of the natural landscape. Group field trips and individual preparation of reports and consultation with instructor.

Field trip(s) may be required.

GEOG 194.     Geography - Related Work Experience. 6 - 12 Units

Prerequisite(s): Consent of supervising faculty and Department Chair.


Supervised employment in a company or agency doing geography-related work, arranged through the Department of Geography and the Cooperative Education Program office. Requires preparation of application packet, completion of a 3-6 month full- or part-time work assignment, and a written report. Units not applicable to the Geography major.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 195A.     Geography Internship A. 1 - 3 Units


Supervised work experience at the beginning level in an approved professional environment, working with professionals in public or private organizations. Supervision supplied by a geography faculty member and on-site supervisor. Placements require 4-12 hours per week, depending on units.

Note: Open to all Geography majors and minors with permission of supervising faculty member and Department Chair. GEOG 195A, GEOG 195B, and GEOG 195C may be taken for up to 6 total units.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 195B.     Geography Internship B. 1 - 3 Units


Supervised work experience at an intermediate level in an approved professional environment, working with professionals in public or private organizations. Supervision supplied by a geography faculty member and on-site supervisor. Placements require 4-12 hours per week, depending on units.

Note: Open to all Geography majors and minors with permission of supervising faculty member and Department Chair. GEOG 195A, GEOG 195B, and GEOG 195C may be taken for up to 6 total units.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 195C.     Geography Internship C. 1 - 3 Units


Supervised work experience at an advanced level in an approved professional environment, working with professionals in public or private organizations. Supervision supplied by a geography faculty member and on-site supervisor. Placements require 4-12 hours per week, depending on units.

Note: Open to all Geography majors and minors with permission of supervising faculty member and Department Chair. GEOG 195A, GEOG 195B, and GEOG 195C may be taken for up to 6 total units.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 198.     Co-Curricular Activities. 1 - 6 Units

Prerequisite(s): Consent of faculty Sponsor and department chair.


Co-curricular activities related to subject matter and concerns of the Geography Department, e.g. students may qualify for credit by providing special tutorial assistance to EOP students or others in introductory courses.

Note: May be repeated for up to 6 units of credit.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 199.     Special Problems. 1 - 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the faculty sponsor and Department chair.


Individual projects or directed reading.

Note: Open only to students competent to carry on individual work.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 199A.     Geography Special Problems A. 1 - 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the faculty sponsor and department chair.


Individual projects or directed reading at a beginning level. Graded (CR/NC Available) Units: 1.0 - 3.0

Note: Open only to students competent to carry on individual work.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 199B.     Geography Special Problems B. 1 - 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the faculty sponsor and department chair.


Individual projects or directed reading at an intermediate level, ordinarily taken following completion of GEOG 199A. Graded (CR/NC Available) Units: 1.0 - 3.0

Note: Open only to students competent to carry on individual work.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 199C.     Geography Special Problems C. 1 - 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the faculty sponsor and department chair.


Individual projects or directed reading at an advanced level. Ordinarily taken following completion of GEOG 199A and GEOG 199B. Graded (CR/NC Available) Units: 1.0 - 3.0

Note: Open only to students competent to carry on individual work.

Credit/No Credit

GEOG 299.     Special Problems. 1 - 3 Units

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the faculty sponsor and Department Chair.


Individual projects or directed reading.

Note: Open only to students competent to carry on individual work.

Credit/No Credit