# Mathematics and Statistics

*College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics*

## Program Description

In today's highly technological society, the study of Mathematics takes on an increasingly important role. The Sacramento State Mathematics Department designs its courses with the goal of providing students with the mathematical concepts appropriate to the student's field.

The program consists of sequences of courses that lead to a Bachelor of Arts with a major in Mathematics, with emphasis in Pure Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Statistics, or a Teacher Preparation Program. A minor in Mathematics or Statistics and a Master of Arts in Mathematics is also offered.

## Degree Programs

Integrated Mathematics Major/Single Subject Credential Program

### Special Features

- The study of mathematics at Sacramento State has several strong advantages. The flexibility of the major gives students enough freedom to mold their degree along their particular interest.
- An excellent computer facility gives mathematics students easy access to the campus computer resources.
- Currently there is a demand for majors in mathematics with training in applied mathematics and statistics. Program graduates have had success in finding employment in public and private sectors.
- Since there is presently a need for high school mathematics teachers, some majors pursue a secondary teaching career. Graduate students in mathematics are finding opportunities for public and private employment in jobs requiring more advanced training in mathematics and statistics. Sacramento State Master's Degree graduates now teach at community colleges throughout the state. Upper division majors may check with the mathematics administrative support coordinator on the possibility of applying for paid positions as student assistants.
- Student assistants work from 10-20 hours per week in math-related duties on campus.

**Note:** Students interested in a major or minor in mathematics should contact the Department secretary for an advising appointment with a mathematics advisor.

## Career Possibilities

Mathematics Teacher · Mathematician · Encryption Analyst · Quantitative Analyst · Engineering Analyst · Systems Analyst · Operations Analyst · Actuary · Risk Analyst · Image Scientist · Technical Writer · Statisticians involved in: Surveying/Polling, Biology/Agriculture, Business/Economics, Physical Sciences/Engineering

## Contact Information

David Zeigler, Department Chair

Dawn Giovannoni, Administrative Support Coordinator

Brighton Hall 141

(916) 278-6534

Department of Mathematics & Statistics

## Faculty

CETIN, COSKUN

CUMMINGS, JAY

DIAZ-ESCAMILLA, RAFAEL E.

DOMOKOS, ANDRAS

ELCE, KIMBERLY

HAMILTON, TRACY

KASIMATIS, ELAINE A.

KRAUEL, MATTHEW

LU, BIN

MORRIS, BARBARA

NORRIS, ANN MICHELLE

PIGNO, VINCENT

PRAJS, JANUSZ

SCHULTE, THOMAS R.

SHANBROM, COREY

TAYLOR, LISA

TIMMONS, CRAIG

VANVALKENBURGH, MICHAEL

WISCONS, JOSHUA

ZEIGLER, DAVID

ZHONG, JIANYUAN KATHY

How to Read Course Descriptions

**MATH 1. Mathematical Reasoning. 3 Units
**

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

Recommended for students whose majors do not include a specific mathematics requirement. Objectives are to show some of the essence and quality of mathematics, and to enhance precision in the evaluation and expression of ideas, thereby developing a student's quantitative reasoning skills. Designed to give students an understanding of some of the vocabulary, methods, and reasoning of mathematics with a focus on ideas.

**MATH 10. Essentials of Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Any valid score on ALEKS PPL exam

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Prepares students for courses requiring fundamental algebra skills. Topics include: review of basic algebra; scientific notation, rounding, and percents; factoring; exponents; linear equations and inequalities with applications; quadratic equations with applications; graphing with applications; absolute value equations and inequalities; systems of linear equations and inequalities; and an introduction to exponential and logarithmic expressions.

**MATH 12. Algebra for College Students. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 41 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Prepares students for Pre-calculus and other higher math courses requiring intermediate algebra. Topics include: linear equations and inequalities, absolute value equations and inequalities, systems of linear equations, quadratic equations, polynomial expressions and equations, rational expressions and equations, roots and radicals, and exponential & logarithmic properties and equations.

**MATH 15H. Honors Mathematical Reasoning. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Open only to Honors students.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Introduction to the composition and interpretation of mathematical ideas and to the mathematical reasoning necessary to derive results in a variety of mathematical topics. Emphasis on developing concepts and analyzing results.

**MATH 17. An Introduction to Exploration, Conjecture, and Proof in Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 46 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 10

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Prepares students for MATH 107A and MATH 107B. Students will explore mathematical patterns and relations, formulate conjectures, and prove their conjectures. Topics from number theory, probability and statistics, and geometry.

**MATH 24. Modern Business Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 51 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 10

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

Mathematics for business world, including functions, math of finance, linear programming and rates of change. Applications to economics and business will be emphasized throughout.

**MATH 26A. Calculus I for the Social and Life Sciences. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 61 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 12

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Limits, differentiation with applications, integration and applications in the Social Sciences and Life Sciences.

**MATH 26B. Calculus II for the Social and Life Sciences. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 26A or appropriate high school based AP credit.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 26A, integration and applications to the Social Sciences and Life Sciences. Multi-variate analysis including partial differentiation and maximization subject to constraints; elementary differential equations; sequences and series. Calculus of the trigonometric functions as time allows.

**Note: ** Not open to students already having credit for MATH 31 or equivalent.

**MATH 29. Pre-Calculus Mathematics. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 61 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 12

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Designed to prepare students for calculus. Topics: trigonometry, points and lines in the Cartesian plane; lines and planes in space; transformation of coordinates; the conics; graphs of algebraic relations; the elementary transcendental functions.

**MATH 29A. Pre-Calculus Mathematics A. 2 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 61 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 12

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

First semester of a two semester course that is designed to prepare students for calculus. Topics: functions and graphs, polynomial functions, rational functions and applications. Lecture two hours.

**MATH 29B. Pre-Calculus Mathematics B. 2 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 29A.

**Corequisite(s): **MATH 29M.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Second semester of a two semester course that is designed to prepare students for calculus. Topics: exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, analytic geometry, and applications. Lecture two hours.

**MATH 29L. Lab for Pre-Calculus Math A. 1 Unit
**

**Corequisite(s): **MATH 29B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Workshop designed to deepen the understanding of pre-calculus developed in MATH 29A.

**Note: ** May be taken for workload credit toward establishing full-time enrollment status, but is not applicable to the baccalaureate degree. Laboratory

**MATH 29M. Lab for Pre-Calculus Math B. 1 Unit
**

**Corequisite(s): **MATH 29B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Workshop designed to deepen the understanding of pre-calculus developed in MATH 29B.

**Note: ** May be taken for workload credit toward establishing full-time enrollment status, but is not applicable to the baccalaureate degree. Laboratory

**MATH 30. Calculus I. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Score of 76 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 29 or MATH 29B

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Functions and their graphs; limits; the derivative and some of its applications; trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and their inverses; the integral; the fundamental theorem; some applications of the integral.

**MATH 30L. Laboratory for First Semester Calculus. 1 Unit
**

**Corequisite(s): **Enrollment in a designated section of MATH 30.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Workshop designed to deepen the understanding of calculus developed in MATH 30.

**Note: ** May be taken for workload credit toward establishing full-time enrollment status, but is not applicable to the baccalaureate degree. Laboratory

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 31. Calculus II. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 30 or appropriate high school based AP credit.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

MATH 30 continuation. Methods of integration; improper integrals; analytic geometry; infinite sequences and series.

**MATH 31L. Laboratory for Second Semester Calculus. 1 Unit
**

**Corequisite(s): **Enrollment in a designated section of MATH 31.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

Workshop designed to deepen the understanding of calculus developed in MATH 31.

**Note: ** May be taken for workload credit toward establishing full-time enrollment status, but is not applicable to the baccalaureate degree. Laboratory

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 32. Calculus III. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

Continuation of Calculus II. Algebra and calculus of vectors; functions of several variables; partial differentiation; multiple integration; vector analysis.

**MATH 35. Introduction to Linear Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 30 or appropriate high school based AP credit.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Careful development of matrices, systems of equations, determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, orthogonality, real and complex eigenvalues; R3 viewed as a vector space with generalization to Rn.

**MATH 45. Differential Equations for Science and Engineering. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

First order differential equations, second order differential equations with constant coefficients. Laplace transforms, small systems of linear differential equations, numerical methods, introduction to second order differential equations with variable coefficients.

**MATH 99. Special Problems. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Individual projects or directed reading.

**Note: ** Open only to students who appear competent to carry on individual work; admission requires the approval of the faculty member under whom individual work is to be conducted, and approval of the advisor and the Department Chair.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 100. Applied Linear Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 26B or MATH 31.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Linear algebra and its elementary applications. Topics: Matrix algebra; simultaneous linear equations; linear dependence and vector spaces; rank and inverses; determinants; numerical solution of simultaneous linear equations; linear transformations; eigenvalues and eigenvectors; unitary and similarity transformations; quadratic forms.

**Note: ** May not be taken for credit toward a mathematics major.

**MATH 101. Combinatorics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Introduction to the art of counting. The focus will be on actually listing the objects being counted in small cases and using the knowledge gained in working with small cases to build toward general principles. Sum and product principles, models of counting, permutations and combinations, equivalence relations and partitions, inclusion-exclusion principle, recurrence relations, and generating functions.

**MATH 102. Number Theory. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Theory of divisibility; some number theoretical functions; congruencies (linear and quadratic); some Diophantine equations. Simple continued fractions.

**MATH 104. Vector Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 32.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Vector and scalar fields, integral theorems, orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, vector spaces and linear transformations, applications to physical fields and operators.

**MATH 105A. Advanced Mathematics for Science and Engineering I. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 32, MATH 45.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Survey of second order linear differential equations, power series and Fourier series solutions, solution of partial differential equations by separation of variables.

**MATH 105B. Advanced Mathematics for Science and Engineering II. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 105A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Partial differential equations continued, complex function theory and its applications.

**MATH 107A. Fundamental Mathematical Concepts. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 17 and either a score of 46 or higher on ALEKS PPL exam or MATH 10

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

First half of a one-year course in the structure of the real number system and its sub-systems and in the basic properties and concepts of geometry. Topics will include: definitions and properties of set theory and their use in the development of the natural and whole number systems, definitions and properties of the arithmetic relations and operations for the natural numbers, whole numbers, integers.

**Note: ** May not be taken for credit toward a mathematics major or minor.

**MATH 107B. Fundamental Mathematical Concepts. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 107A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 107A. Topics will include: rational numbers, real numbers, measurement, Euclidean Geometry.

**Note: ** May not be taken for credit toward a mathematics major or minor.

**MATH 107C. Elementary Mathematics and the Learning Process. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): ** MATH 17, MATH 107A or MATH 107B, and CHDV 30 or CHDV 35.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Students will build on their understanding of material of Math 17, Math 107A/B by deepening their understanding of the concepts taught in these courses. This will be done by examining these concepts in relationship to theories of learning and development. Students will examine mathematical concepts related to K-8 with respect to the treatment of reasoning, communication, and the perspective of cognitive and social constructivism; and throughout the course will consider the question of "What is mathematics?" and "How is mathematics learned?

**MATH 108. Introduction to Formal Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31, MATH 35.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Logic of mathematical proof, set theory, relations, functions. Examples and applications from set cardinality, algebra, and analysis.

**MATH 110A. Modern Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 108.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

First half of a one-year introductory course in algebraic concepts. Topics include: groups, subgroups, properties of groups, permutation groups, factor groups, homomorphism theorems.

**MATH 110B. Modern Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 110A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 110A.

**Note: ** Topics include

**MATH 117. Linear Algebra. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 110A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Abstract linear spaces and linear transformations; invariant subspaces; canonical forms.

**MATH 121. College Geometry. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31; MATH 32 or MATH 35.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Study of the axioms and theorems of Euclidean geometry. A comparison of several geometry axiom systems and their theorems, including those of some non-Euclidean and finite geometries.

**MATH 130A. Functions of a Real Variable. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 32 and MATH 108.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

First half of a one-year upper division course in functions of a real variable. The first semester will consist of a rigorous development of the theory of real-valued sequences and continuity and differentiation for functions of one real variable.

**MATH 130B. Functions of a Real Variable. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 130A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 130A. This semester will be devoted to a rigorous development of the theory of Riemann integration, infinite series, and sequences and series of functions.

**MATH 134. Functions of a Complex Variable and Applications. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 32.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Complex plane; analytic functions; integration and Cauchy's Theorem; sequences and series; residue calculus; applications to potential theory; Fourier and Laplace transforms.

**MATH 150. Introduction to Numerical Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Numerical solutions of algebraic and transcendental equations; interpolation, inverse interpolation, finite differences, cubic splines, and applications; numerical differentiation and integration; direct and iterative numerical solutions of linear systems; discrete and continuous least squares approximation.

**MATH 161. Mathematical Logic. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 108.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Advanced study of logic with special application to mathematics.

**MATH 162. Set Theory. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 108.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Axiomatic study of set theory. Topics usually considered include: relations and functions; set theoretical equivalence; finite and infinite sets; cardinal arithmetic; ordinal numbers and transfinite induction; variants of the Axiom of Choice.

**MATH 170. Linear Programming. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31; MATH 35 or MATH 100.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Theory of linear programming, duality, simplex method, integer programming, applications.

**MATH 190. History Of Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31 and upper division status in mathematics.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Study of the development of mathematical ideas and techniques and their impact on the general course of the history of western civilization.

**MATH 193. Capstone Course for the Teaching Credential Candidate. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Successful completion of at least five of the following: MATH 102, MATH 110A, MATH 110B, MATH 121, MATH 130A, MATH 130B or MATH 190; MATH 110A or MATH 130A may be taken concurrently.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Reviews the major themes presented in the upper division program in Mathematics, and relates the themes to junior high school and high school curriculum. Required for all subject matter students.

**Note: ** Not accepted for credit for non-Teaching Credential students.

**MATH 196K. Introduction to Differential Geometry. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 32, and MATH 35 or instructor's permission

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Calculus methods are applied to the study of curves and surfaces in three dimensional space. After an introduction to the geometry of curves (curvature, torsion, and Frenet's formulas), the course explores the geometry of surfaces. Some of the geometrical properties of a surface that will be investigated are its first and second fundamental forms, its various curvatures (normal, principal, mean, and Gaussian curvatures), and its geodesic curves.

**MATH 198. Seminar for Mathematics Tutors. 2 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Students must be working as tutors in a campus-based program.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Supports Sacramento State students who are working in tutorial and related roles in mathematics programs on campus. Focus on questioning as a fundamental strategy for teaching mathematics, on classroom observation, and on communication among mathematics instructors in support of effective teaching and learning.

**Note: ** May be repeated up to two times for credit.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 199. Special Problems. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Individual projects or directed reading. Open only to those students who appear competent to carry on individual work. Admission to this course requires the approval of the faculty member under whom the individual work is to be conducted, in addition to the approval of the advisor and the Department Chair.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 210A. Algebraic Structures. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 110B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

General algebraic systems and concepts; groups.

**MATH 210B. Algebraic Structures. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 210A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Fields; vector spaces; Galois theory.

**MATH 220A. Topology. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 130B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Point set topology, continuity, compactness, connectedness.

**MATH 220B. Topics In Topology. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 220A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 220A with topics selected from: General topology/Foundations, Geometric Topology, Continuum Theory, Homology Theory, Homotopy Theory, Topological Dynamics.

**Note: ** May be taken twice with approval of the graduate coordinator.

**MATH 230A. Real Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 130B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Metric topology; the theory of the derivative; measure theory.

**MATH 230B. Real Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 230A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 230A, with topics selected from: Theory of the integral, including Riemann, Riemann Stieltjes, and Lebesque integrals.

**Note: ** May be taken twice with approval of the graduate coordinator.

**MATH 234A. Complex Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 130B; MATH 105B or MATH 134 is recommended.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Complex numbers, complex functions, analytic functions, complex integration, harmonic functions.

**MATH 234B. Topics in Complex Analysis. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 234A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 234A with topics selected from: Partial Fractions and Infinite Products, Entire Functions, Riemann Zeta Function, Normal Families, Riemann Mapping Theorem, Conformal Mapping of Polygons, Dirihclet Problem, Analytic Continuation.

**Note: ** May be taken twice with approval of the graduate coordinator.

**MATH 241A. Methods of Applied Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 134 recommended.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Topics from: Hilbert Space Theory, Operators on Hibert Space, Generalized Functions with Applications to Sturm-Liouville Theory and Partial Differential Equations.

**Note: ** May be repeated for credit provided topic is not repeated.

**MATH 241B. Topics in Applied Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 241A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of MATH 241A with topics: Calculus of Variations, Functional Analysis, Dynamical Systems, Integral Equations, Sobolev Spaces, Fourier Analysis, Potential Theory, and Optimal Control Theory.

**Note: ** May be taken twice with approval of the graduate coordinator.

**MATH 299. Special Problems. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Any properly qualified student who wishes to pursue a problem may do so if the proposed subject is acceptable to the supervising instructor and to the student's advisor.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 316. The Psychology of Mathematics Instruction. 2 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Admission to the Mathematics Blended Program.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

A survey course for students in the Blended Program in Mathematics that relates broad areas of educational psychology and theories of learning to instruction in the secondary mathematics classroom. The focus is on practical applications of theories through the design of lesson and unit plans. Students will design learning activities for diverse classes of learners, including English Language Learners, and build and refine assessment plans that include formative assessments. Lecture two hours.

**MATH 371A. Schools and Community A. 2 Units
**

**Corequisite(s): **Enrollment in EDTE 470A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

The first of a two-part sequence supporting student teachers in the Mathematics Blended Program. Focus is on strategies for secondary mathematics instruction, the process of reflection on teaching, communication among mathematics teachers in support of effective teaching and learning, strategies for engagement, questioning, creating a safe classroom environment, classroom management, assessment, and familiarity with school and community resources. Emphasis on issues related to English Language Learners, special needs students, and intervention strategies. Seminar two hours.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 371B. Schools and Community B. 2 Units
**

**Corequisite(s): **Enrollment in EDTE 470B.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

The second of a two-part sequence supporting student teachers in the Mathematics Blended Program. Focus is on strategies for secondary mathematics instruction, the process of reflection on teaching, communication among mathematics teachers in support of effective teaching and learning, strategies for engagement, questioning, creating a safe classroom environment, classroom management, assessment, and familiarity with school and community resources. Emphasis on issues related to English Language Learners, special needs students, and intervention strategies. Seminar two hours.

Credit/No Credit

**MATH 500. Culminating Experience. 1 - 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **Advanced to candidacy and permission of the graduate coordinator.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Directed reading programs for master's candidates preparing for written comprehensive examinations.

**STAT 1. Introduction to Statistics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 9 or three years of high school mathematics which includes two years of algebra and one year of geometry; completion of ELM requirement and the Intermediate Algebra Diagnostic Test.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Descriptive statistics, basic concepts of probability and sampling with the aim of introducing fundamental notions and techniques of statistical inference.

**STAT 10A. Introductory Statistics with Developmental Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Prepares students for STAT 10B that requires background in data analysis process, descriptive statistics and the concept of randomness. Topics include: Summarizing the data distribution graphically and numerically; reasoning about bivariate numerical data; linear correlation and regression; linear, quadratic and exponential functions as a way of modeling a correspondence between two variables; reasoning about bivariate categorical data; basic concepts of probability and the law of large numbers; conditional probability; discrete random variables; binomial distribution; and an introduction to continuous random variables. Lecture three hours.

**STAT 10B. Introductory Statitstics with Developmental Mathematics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 10A

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Continuation of STAT 10A. Stat 10B prepares students for research methods applications/ courses in various disciplines. Topics include: Continuous random variables and normal distribution; sampling distributions and the central limit theorem; confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, proportions, difference in means and difference in proportions; and chi-squared tests for categorical data analysis. Lecture three hours.

**STAT 50. Introduction to Probability and Statistics. 4 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 26A, MATH 30, or appropriate high school based AP credit.

**General Education Area/Graduation Requirement: **Math Concepts & Quantitative Reasoning (B4)

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring, Summer

Sample spaces, combinatorics, and random variables. Density and distribution functions. Expectation, variance, and covariance. The binomial, uniform, poisson, negative binomial, hypergeometric, exponential, gamma, beta, and normal distributions. Sampling distributions, estimation, and hypothesis tests. Students are given periodic writing assignments which encourage them to think through concepts of the course.

**STAT 96. Experimental Offerings in Statistics. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

When there is a demand from a sufficient number of qualified students, one of the staff will conduct a seminar on some topic in statistics.

**STAT 103. Intermediate Statistics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 50 or instructor consent

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only – even years

Review of hypothesis testing --one sample. Hypothesis testing --two sample, variance. Regression and correlation. Analysis of variance including two-way. Analysis of categorical data. Non-parametric tests, goodness of fit, and tests for randomness.

**STAT 115A. Introduction to Probability Theory. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31 and either STAT 1 or STAT 50

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Probability axioms, discrete and continuous random variables, functions of random variables, joint densities, expectation, moment generating functions. Chebyshev's inequality, transformations, weak law of large numbers, central limit theorem.

**STAT 115B. Introduction to Mathematical Statistics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 115A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Spring only

Point Estimation, interval estimation, hypothesis testing, the multivariate normal distribution, non-parametric tests.

**STAT 128. Statistical Computing. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **(STAT 1 or STAT 50) and (MATH 26A or MATH 30) or consent of the instructor.

Computer methods for accessing, transforming, summarizing, graphing and making statistical inferences from data; focus is on command-line statistical software, but menu-driven software may be introduced; application of computer methods to solve problems selected from the areas of modeling, simulation, inference and statistical learning.

**STAT 155. Introduction to Techniques of Operations Research. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **MATH 31; STAT 50, STAT 103, or STAT 115A; MATH 31 may be taken concurrently.

**Term Typically Offered: **Sppring only – odd years

Formulation and analysis of mathematical models with emphasis on real systems applications. Introduction to Queueing theory and Markov Processes for application.

**STAT 196J. Statistical Computing. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 1 or STAT 50, and MATH 26A or MATH 30

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall only

Computer methods for accessing, transforming, summarizing, graphing, and making statistical inferences from data. Both a command-line statistical software package such as R and menu-driven package such as SAS will be used. Students will learn to apply computer methods to solve problems selected from the areas of modeling, simulation, inference and statistical learning. The intent of this course is to provide students with the software skills needed for statistical work in industry or academia.

**STAT 199. Special Problems. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Individual projects or directed reading. Open only to students who appear competent to carry on individual work. Admission to this course requires approval of the instructor in addition to the approval of the advisor and the Department Chair.

Credit/No Credit

**STAT 215A. Introduction to Mathematical Statistics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 115A, STAT 115B; MATH 134 is recommended.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Probability measure, conditional probability and independence, random variables, characteristic and moment-generating functions, modes of convergence.

**STAT 215B. Topics in Introduction to Mathematical Statistics. 3 Units
**

**Prerequisite(s): **STAT 215A.

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Continuation of STAT 215A with topics selected from: Statistical Inference, Estimation Theory, Testing Hypotheses, Linear Models, Nonparametric Methods, Multivariate Analysis, Computer intensive methods in Statistics and Sampling Theory.

**Note: ** May be taken twice with approval of Graduate Coordinator.

**STAT 299. Special Problems. 1 - 6 Units
**

**Term Typically Offered: **Fall, Spring

Any properly qualified student who wishes to pursue a problem may do so if the proposed subject is acceptable to the department committee, the supervising instructor and the student's advisor.