BA in Philosophy (Science, Reason and Values)

Units required for Major: 42
Total units required for BA: 120

Program Description

The concentration in Science, Reason and Values is designed for students who are interested in the philosophical, rational and moral foundations of science and its applications.  This concentration provides an excellent double major opportunity for science students interested in broadening and deepening their understanding of the normative elements of their chosen field. It is also a good choice for philosophy students who are interested in graduate study in the philosophy of science.

The concentration focuses on providing students with a deep understanding of the nature of scientific rationality. Topics include scientific explanation, the nature of scientific evidence, the process of confirming and revising our theories and beliefs, the problem of decision under conditions of uncertainty, and the scientific study of social phenomena.  The philosophy of science also explores traditional philosophical questions as they arise in the context of scientific inquiry. Some of these are: Do we really know that the theoretical entities of science exist? What is the difference between science and pseudo-science? Do different sciences give us fundamentally different ways of understanding the world? Is science converging on truth or will it always undergo revolutionary changes that reject widely accepted theories of the past? Does scientific inquiry have intrinsic value or are there questions that scientists should not ask?

Note: Philosophy majors must fulfill the GE Writing Intensive "supervenient requirement" with courses in the major, only.

Program Requirements

PHIL 89Philosophical Methods (Philosophical Methods)2
PHIL 60Deductive Logic I 13
PHIL 112History Of Ethics 3
PHIL 127History of Ancient Philosophy3
PHIL 128History of Modern Philosophy3
PHIL 180Knowledge and Understanding3
PHIL 181Metaphysics3
PHIL 182Ethical Theory (Ethical Theory)3
PHIL 189Senior Seminar in Philosophy1
Select 3 of the following 4 courses.9
Science and Human Values
Philosophy Of Science 1
Philosophy of the Social Sciences
Additional Electives 2
Select three courses from the Elective List for this concentration not taken to satisfy the above.9
Total Units42

Elective List

PHIL 61Inductive Logic I 13
PHIL 104Bioethics 13
PHIL 105Science and Human Values 3
PHIL 106Philosophy of Medicine3
PHIL 125Philosophy Of Science 13
PHIL 153Philosophy Of Mind3
PHIL 154Philosophy Of Language3
PHIL 156Philosophy of the Social Sciences3
PHIL 160Deductive Logic II3
PHIL 183Rationality3
PHIL 190Selected Philosophers3
PHIL 192BTopics in Bioethics3
PHIL 192ETopics in Epistemology3
PHIL 192FTopics in Ethics3
PHIL 192LTopics in Philosophy Language3
PHIL 192MTopics in Philosophy of Mind3
PHIL 192OTopics in Contemporary Metaphysics3
PHIL 192PTopics in Social and Political Philosophy3
PHIL 192RTopics in Philosophy of Religion3
PHIL 192STopics in Philosophy of Science3
PHIL 192TTopics in Philosophy of Social Science3
PHIL 195Philosophy Internship 21 - 3

General Education Requirements1

Area A: Basic Subjects (6-9 Units)
A1 - Oral Communication3
A2 - Written Communication3
A3 - Critical Thinking 20 - 3
Area B: Physical Universe and Its Life Forms (13 Units)
B1 - Physical Science3
B2 - Life Forms3
B3 - Lab (Note: Lab experience to be taken with one of the following: B1, B2 or B5)1
B4 - Math Concepts3
B5 - Additional Course (Any B to reach 12 units) - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements. 33
Area C: Arts and Humanities (6-12 Units)
C1 - Arts3
C2 - Humanities 20 - 3
C1/C2 - Area C Course3
C1/C2 - Area C Course - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements. 40 - 3
Area D: The Individual and Society (6-9 Units)
Area D Course3
Area D Course3
Area D Course - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements. 40 - 3
Area E: Understanding Personal Development (3 Units)
Area E Course3
Area F: Ethnic Studies (3 Units)
Area F Course3
Total Units37-49

Graduation Requirements1

Graduation Requirements (required by CSU) (6-9 Units)
American Institutions: U.S. History3
American Institutions: U.S. Constitution & CA Government3
Writing Intensive (WI) 20 - 3
Graduation Requirements (required by Sacramento State) (12 Units)
English Composition II3
Race and Ethnicity in American Society (RE)3
Foreign Language Proficiency Requirement 36