BA in Liberal Studies

Units required for Major: 98 - 101
Total units required for BA: 120

Program Description

The Liberal Studies program is an interdisciplinary major, which encompasses a wide variety of areas of knowledge in a multidisciplinary curriculum. The program provides a broad academic program that encourages academic excellence, diversity and inclusive excellence, community, and collaboration. It is a major designed for students who either (i) intend on becoming elementary or special education teachers in California, or (ii) who have an interest in an interdisciplinary course of study. The core of the major is comprised of courses in reading, language and literature, mathematics, natural science, history and social sciences, visual and performing arts, physical education, human development, health and field experience.

The Liberal Studies major is a California Commission on Teacher Credentialing-approved subject matter program that provides teachers with a strong grounding in a wide range of academic disciplines needed to become effective teachers. Beyond careers in teaching, the Liberal Studies major provides excellent preparation for careers in government service, public administration, business, management, community service, counseling, law, librarianship, public health, as well as professional or graduate school.

The Liberal Studies major is a complex program requiring early and continuing contact with an advisor. Students meet with an advisor at least once each semester to provide a hands-on approach to learning. Students must complete 120 units and meet the University foreign language requirement in order to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree. Students are urged to obtain advice as early as possible to avoid delays in the completion of these requirements. The Liberal Studies program director and faculty and staff advisors are located in Lassen Hall 2008, (916) 278-6342.

Minimum Grade Requirement

A minimum grade of "C-" is required in all courses applied to the Liberal Studies major.

Requirements for Areas of Emphasis

The Liberal Studies major requires that students complete an Area of Emphasis. All Areas of Emphasis require a minimum of 12 units, 3 of which may overlap with the core course requirements. Students may not combine courses from different areas of emphasis.

Minors may be used in lieu of an Area of Emphasis. Students interested in pursuing a Minor should discuss this option with their Liberal Studies advisor and with an advisor from the Minor program.

Program Requirements

Core Requirements (89 Units) 1
Reading, Language and Literature
COMS 5The Communication Experience 3
or COMS 4 Introduction to Public Speaking
ENGL 5Accelerated Academic Literacies 3
or ENGL 5M Accelerated Academic Literacies - Multilingual
or ENGL 11 Academic Literacies II
or ENGL 11M Academic Literacies II-Multilingual
ENGL 16Structure Of English3
ENGL 20College Composition II3
or ENGL 20M College Composition II for Multilingual Students
ENGL 116AStudies in Applied Linguistics3
ENGL 116BChildren's Literary Classics3
MATH 17An Introduction to Exploration, Conjecture, and Proof in Mathematics3
MATH 107AFundamental Mathematical Concepts3
MATH 107BFundamental Mathematical Concepts3
Natural Science
BIO 7Introduction to the Science of Biology4
CHEM 106Chemical Concepts3
GEOL 8Earth Science3
GEOL 8TEarth Science Lab for Teachers1
PHYS 107Conceptual Physics and Scientific Inquiry4
Social Science and Humanities
ECON 1AIntroduction to Macroeconomic Analysis3
or HIST 187 Topics in United States History 1600-1900
GEOG 100Themes In World Geography3
HIST 17AUnited States History, 1607-1877 3
HIST 50World History I: to 15003
HIST 132Topics In World History3
LBST 110California Studies3
POLS 1Essentials Of Government3
Visual and Performing Arts
ART 133Art Education for Children3
MUSC 101Experiences In Music3
THEA 118Children's Theatre3
Physical Education
KINS 172Movement Education3
Health Science
PUBH 136School Health Education2
Human Development
CHAD 35Child and Adolescent Development3
Integrative Study3
Choose one of the following:
Multicultural Children's Literature
Urban Education
Sex Role Stereotyping in American Education
Introduction to Bilingual Education: Policies, Principles, Programs, and Practices
The American Vision
Hollywood and America
American Space and Identity
Images Of America
Gender, Race, and Class
Field Experience
CHAD 35FHuman Development and Elementary Field Experience3
Select one of the following:3
Tutoring Children in Mathematics
Tutoring Children in Mathematics: Practicum
Tutoring Children in Reading
Tutoring Children in Reading Practicum
Field Experience in After School STEM Programs
Field Experience in After School STEM Programs: Practicum
The Liberal Studies Pre-Credential Program is in compliance with California Commission on Teacher Credentialing standards, and students who complete this major are waived from taking the California Subject Matter Examination (CSET).
Requirements for Area of Emphasis (12 Units) 2
Select one of the following areas. Areas MAY NOT be combined.12
Human Development
Multicultural Studies
Natural Science
Physical Education
United States History
World History
Total Units101


Required Courses (6 units):
ART 133Art Education for Children (Required Courses (3 units)) 13
Choose one of the following (3 units):3
Overview of Secondary Art Education
Art for Exceptional Children
Barrio Art for Ethnic Groups
Select two of the following (6 units):6
Art, Religions, and Power before 1400
Art, Empires, and Cross-Cultural Exchange, 1400-1800
Global Modern and Contemporary Art
History of Islamic Art
Traditional Asian Art
Modern and Contemporary Asian Art
European Visual Traditions
Art of the Americas
Introduction to Art and Visual Culture
Beginning Drawing
Beginning Color
Basic Printmaking: Etching
Basic Printmaking: Relief
Basic Printmaking: Silkscreen
Beginning Ceramics
Beginning Hand-Built Ceramics
Materials Methods
Clay Sculpture
Beginning Sculpture
Beginning Electronic Art
Total Units12

Human Development

Required Courses (6 units):
CHAD 35Child and Adolescent Development 13
FSHD 50The Family and Social Issues 3
Choose two of the following (6 units):6
Combined Research Methods in Human Development
Culture and Human Development
Development of Learning and Memory
Mind and Brain in Developmental Context
Controversial Issues in Childhood Development, Education, and Social Policy
Fostering Healthy Youth Development
Family Stress and Coping: Multicultural Focus
Adolescent Development
The Family
Changing American Family
Sociology of Children and Adolescents
Bullying as a Social Experience
Poverty and Homelessness in America
The Child and the Law
Violence In The Family
Working with LGBTQ+ Publics
Welfare In America
Child Welfare Services
Total Units12


ENGL 116AStudies in Applied Linguistics 13
ENGL 110PSecond Language Learning and Teaching3
Select one of the following:3
Traditional Grammar and Standard Usage
English Grammar for ESL Teachers
Select one of the following:3
Academic Reading and Writing for Second Language Students
Teaching Oral Skills
Total Units12


ENGL 116BChildren's Literary Classics 13
Select three of the following:9
Introduction to British Literature I
Introduction to British Literature II
Introduction to American Literature I
Introduction to American Literature II
Introduction to World Literatures in English
Total Units12


MATH 107CElementary Mathematics and the Learning Process3
STAT 1Introduction to Statistics3
Two additional courses in Mathematics (MATH) or Statistics (STAT) selected with a Liberal Studies major advisor, excluding MATH 10 and MATH 12. 6
Total Units12

Multicultural Studies

EDUC 170Introduction to Bilingual Education: Policies, Principles, Programs, and Practices3
ETHN 11Introduction to Ethnic Studies3
or ETHN 100 Ethnic America
Select two from any of the following categories or one from each of two categories:6
Chicano/Latino Emphasis
Culture and Personality of the Chicano Child
Introduction to Chicano/Latino Studies
Chicano/Mexican-American Experience
La Raza Studies
La Mujer Chicana
Mexican-American History
Asian American Emphasis
The Asian American Experience
Southeast Asians in the US
African American Emphasis
Pan African Studies
The African-American Experience, 1603-Present
Native American Emphasis
Native American Experience
Women's Studies Emphasis
History of American Women
Introduction to Women's & Gender Studies
Gender, Race, and Class
Women Of Color
Total Units12


Required courses:
MUSC 8Basic Music3
MUSC 101Experiences In Music 13
Select two of the following:6
Music In World Cultures
Survey of Music Literature I
Survey of Music Literature II
Survey of Music Literature III
Music Appreciation
American Popular Music: Jazz History
History of Rock Music
Hip-Hop in Urban America
World Music: Asia
World Music: Africa
World Music: Latin America
The American Musical Theater
American Society and Its Music
Total Units12

Natural Science

CHEM 106Chemical Concepts 13
Select three of the following:9
Introduction to the Solar System
Introduction to Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology
The Solar System and Space Exploration
Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology
Through Space and Time in the Planetarium
Plants and Civilization
Life in the Ocean
Biology of Dinosaurs
Introduction to General Chemistry
Introduction to Organic and Biological Chemistry
Volcanoes: An Introduction
Geology of California
Geology and the Environment
Age of Dinosaurs
STEM Learning Practices for Future Teachers
Science and Pseudoscience
Musical Acoustics: Science and Sound
Total Units12

Physical Education

KINS 138Sport Pedagogy3
KINS 172Movement Education 13
Select two from the following:6
PRO ACT I - Dual Sports
Professional Activities II - Creative Movement and Dance
Pro Act III - Team Sports
ProAct V - Nontraditional Games and Sports
Professional Activities of Health and Skill Related Fitness
Introduction to Adapted Physical Education
Total Units12


Select four of the following:12
Introduction To Theatre
Appreciation Of Acting
Multicultural Puppetry
Children's Theatre 1
Multicultural Perspectives in American Theatre
Total Units12

United States History

United States History, 1607-1877 1
United States History, 1877-Present
Select two of the following:
Colonial America
The Age of the American Revolution
Young Republic, 1790-1840
Civil War and Reconstruction, 1840-1890
20th Century United States, 1890-1940
20th Century United States, 1941-Present
The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage
History of International Relations in the 20th Century
Military History of the United States
History of US Foreign Relations
The United States in Vietnam, 1940-1975
The American Vision
Social History of the United States
The City in US History
History of American Capitalism
American Environmental History
Popular Culture
History of American Women
Images Of America
Hollywood and America
Sports in American History
American Indian History to 1840
American Indian History since 1840
The History of the Civil Rights Movement: From Reconstruction to Deconstruction, 1865-Present
History of Disability in the United States
Sex, Population, and Birth Control in America
Health, Death and Disease in America
HIST 176
The African-American Experience, 1603-Present
Mexican-American History
American Immigration History
American Legal History
Anarchists and Revolutionaries: Transnational Radicalism in America
American West
California History, 1542-1860
California History, 1860-1970
California Architecture and Urban History
California Indian History
The California Gold Rush
History of California Water
Sacramento History
American Labor History
California Dreamin': A Cultural History of California since 1840
Total Units12

World History

HIST 50World History I: to 1500 13
HIST 51World History from 1500 to the Present.3
Select two from the following:
Language and written culture in Ancient Greece
Culture and Language in Modern Greece, 1821-1909
Mediterranean Europe: From the Renaissance to the European Union
Great Ages and Issues in Modern European History
History of the Physical Sciences
History of Modern Greece
The Ancient Near East: A Cultural History
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Early Medieval Europe
Europe in the High Middle Ages
The Renaissance and Reformation in Europe
Europe, 1648-1815, The Age of Revolution
World War I: Causes, Conduct, Consequences
Europe Since 1945
Democracy and Human Rights in the Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon
History of Women in Western Civilization, Prehistory-Middle Ages
The Crusades
European Warfare from the French Revolution to the Present
Evolution of Christianity to the Reformation
Evolution of Christianity Since the Reformation
Tudor and Stuart England, 1485-1714
British History, 1714-Present
Medieval Russia
Imperial Russia
Twentieth Century Russia
The Fall Of Communism
History of Sexuality in Comparative Perspective
Twentieth-Century World History
The Rise and Fall of European Colonial Empires
History Of Mexico To 1910
Revolutionary and Modern Mexico
Spanish Civil War
Latin American Revolutions in the Twentieth Century
Latin American History in Film
Colonial Latin America
Modern and Contemporary Latin America
Modern East Asian Cinema
History of Africa Since 1800
History of Women in Africa
Middle Eastern History to 1800
The Modern Middle East
Ottoman State and Society
Indonesia, 1965: Context, Causes, and Consequences of Cold War Mass Murder
South Asian History & Civilization
Cultural History of Japan to 1800
Modern Japan, 1800-present
The History of Manga
History of Buddhism
China: Antiquity to 1600 AD
China, 1600 to Present
The Making of Modern Southeast Asia
Total Units12

General Education Requirements1

Area A: Basic Subjects (3 Units)
A1 - Oral Communication0
A2 - Written Communication0
A3 - Critical Thinking3
Area B: Physical Universe and Its Life Forms
B1 - Physical Science0
B2 - Life Forms0
B3 - Lab (Note: Lab experience to be taken with one of the following: B1, B2 or B5)0
B4 - Math Concepts0
B5 - Additional Course (Any B to reach 12 units) - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements.0
Area C: Arts and Humanities
C1 - Arts0
C2 - Humanities0
C1/C2 - Area C Course0
C1/C2 - Area C Course - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements.0
Area D: The Individual and Society
Area D Course0
Area D Course0
Area D Course - Take upper-division course to complete Area & upper division requirements.0
Area E: Understanding Personal Development
Area E Course0
Area F: Ethnic Studies (3 Units)
Area F Course3
Total Units6

Graduation Requirements1

Graduation Requirements (required by CSU) (3 Units)
American Institutions: U.S. History 20
American Institutions: U.S. Constitution & CA Government 20
Writing Intensive (WI)3
Graduation Requirements (required by Sacramento State) (6 Units)
English Composition II 20
Race and Ethnicity in American Society (RE) 20
Foreign Language Proficiency Requirement 36